Food & Drink

Low Fodmap Diet: What it Is, Uses & How to Follow

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Photo: Johns Hopkins Medicine

You may have heard of the FODMAP diet from a friend or on the internet.

When people say “FODMAP diet,” they usually mean a diet low in FODMAP — certain sugars that may cause intestinal distress.

This diet is designed to help people with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and/or small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) figure out which foods are problematic and which foods reduce symptoms.

“The low FODMAP diet is a temporary eating plan that’s very restrictive.”
—Hazel Galon Veloso, M.D.

“The low FODMAP diet is a temporary eating plan that’s very restrictive,” says Johns Hopkins gastroenterologist Hazel Galon Veloso, M.D. “It’s always good to talk to your doctor before starting a new diet, but especially with the low FODMAP diet since it eliminates so many foods — it’s not a diet anyone should follow for long. It’s a short discovery process to determine what foods are troublesome for you.”

What is FODMAP?

FODMAP stands for fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols, which are short-chain carbohydrates (sugars) that the small intestine absorbs poorly.

Some people experience digestive distress after eating them. Symptoms include …

Keep reading on Johns Hopkins Medicine

Image: Cleveland Clinic

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